Anatomy of a Bed Bug
What are bed bugs? Where do they come from? And what do they want from you? A closer look at these insect vampires makes the thought of them living in your home all the more disgusting. Lets review some facts about bed bugs in more detail.
Bed bug colors vary depending on whether they are unfed or engorged. Normally, they are mahogany to rusty brown, however, when they have had their meal (which is usually you or your family), they turn a red brown color due to the blood they have ingested. The bed bug babies, which are called Nymphs, usually appear colorless and develop the red brown coloring as they mature.
Bed bugs have six legs and have broad-oval and flat bodies. Of course, after they have fed they appear more engorged and longer. Adult bed bugs can reach 1/4 in length, with the help of many good dinners! Nymphs can range from 1.3 mm to 4-5 mm. Their flatness is the easiest way to identify them, as we’ll as the lined ridges on their back. In addition, beg bugs also have antennas by which one can identify them.
Bed bugs grow fast and reach adulthood in 21 days. Females can lay 1-5 eggs a day, and an average of 540 eggs in their lifetime. Once bed bugs invade your home, they can populate your living quarters fairly quickly at that rate, and can live for many months in hiding without any feedings. One of the most unsettling facts about bed bugs is that they feed by way of two beak-like hollow tubes that they insert into their host. Their blood feast will normally last 5 to10 minutes, after which time they are engorged.
The bed bug feeding process is fascinating. The bed bug’s first tube injects an anesthetic that comes from their saliva into the host, which numbs the feeding area. This is why victims don’t always feel bed bugs in the process of having their meal. The second tube will then begin to draw the blood. Once the feeding has come to an end, bed bugs will go and hide for many days, usually in a secluded place where they will digest the feast they have partaken, mate and lay more eggs.
Bed bugs can ingest seven times their own weight. It is like they have thanksgiving dinner every day! They can withstand a lot of varying temperatures from almost freezing to into the triple digits, which makes them very resilient. That is why they are found all over the 50 United States. Ultimately, no one is truly safe from these pests. Although studies have shown that bed bugs do not transmit disease, their human victims can experience red, itchy welts and uncomfortable itching. Young or old, rich or poor these bugs can find you in any state and any climate.
Many people affected by bed bugs are ashamed to admit they have a pest problem and contact a bed bug exterminator because they believe it makes them look dirty. In reality, bed bugs can affect anyone unlucky enough to come in contact with them.
For a variety of reasons, bed bugs are some of THE most difficult pests to treat, which makes it very important that you contact a bedbug extermination professional to help you handle the problem, if you notice or think you may be dealing with a bed bug infestation in your home. Bed bugs are more common in urban and suburban areas where larger populations live more closely together, and therefore can spread more easily. Apartment living is also a very common area to see these pesky bugs.
Protect yourself, your home and your family by calling on a professional bedbug exterminator if you ever feel you have an infestation or you could be their next feast.