Keep your enemies close, as they say. Whether you’re being plagued by bed bugs, or simply staying on the defensive, knowing the life cycle of the bed bug is the first step to understanding these pests.
The bed bug life cycle is similar to a cockroach’s. Female bed bugs can lay up to five eggs a day, about 500 over the course of her life time. The eggs are milky white, shorter than one millimeter, and attached to the surface they were laid on, making them difficult to remove without cleaning conscientiously. The eggs will hatch within one two weeks.
Once the eggs have hatched, they are known as a nymphs. Nymphs look similar to, but smaller than adult bed bugs. Over the course of about five weeks, nymphs will go through at least five molting periods before reaching sexual maturity. Before each molting period, and before laying eggs, bed bugs must feed.
Adult bed bugs can live roughly ten months, though they can live longer in unfavorable conditions. Bed bugs are capable of entering a hybernation-like state to survive cold temperatures, or periods without a host. This adaptation may have evolved from feeding on migratory hosts, such as bats and birds. In favorable conditions, adult bed bugs will typically feed every three to five days.
The lesson here is that bed bugs are terribly resilient and can multiply quickly. The sooner an infestation is treated by a professional, the easier it will be to quell. If you’ve recognized signs of bed bugs, contact All Bed Bugs Begone for a free consultation.