Bedbugs are an unfortunate obstacle for many and most homes have had some sort of run in with these pests even if it is just to learn what they are. That being said, one of the best ways to eliminate bedbugs is to arm yourself with the knowledge that it takes to recognize and handle an infestation. There are a few different elements of any infestation that all people should be aware of so they can address the issue before it becomes uncontrollable.
Identifying Bed Bug Bites
Bed bugs are a very unique type of pest as they are often highly visible unlike fleas and mites that may go undetected for weeks. Bed bug bites are generally more than just the initial bite as they often cause an itchy rash that surrounds the bite and makes life very uncomfortable. These bugs bite through the skin with the help of an elongated beak that then sucks blood from their host. These bites are going to most likely appear as small welts or raised areas on the skin that are itchy and unpleasant. For some, there is no allergy to bed bug bites and there may be no evidence of the bites.
Signs of Bed Bugs
There are a few different signs aside from bites that you can look for, one is bed bug feces. This appears like dust or like dirt and can be in your bed, on your furniture, in carpet, or even on you. If the bedbug is using the bathroom on a porous surface like your mattress, it will appear like a brown or black stain that is liquid. On surfaces where the feces does not soak in it will be a mound. Another sign to look for is case skins. These are the shed skins of juvenile bugs that are growing. These skins are going to be present near where the bed bugs are living or hiding so again in mattresses, sheets, carpets, and more.
The last sign you may encounter is seeing the bugs themselves. Bed bugs are fairly large as far as pests go. These bugs are the shape and size of an apple seed and are often very easily visible in beds and on other surfaces. They do tend to stay together so if you see one, you are likely to see many more. They tend to hide in the crevices of mattresses, soft furniture, and carpets as well as other places like electrical outlets.
In most cases, the biggest issue with furniture and bedbugs is marred wood and stained upholstery. Since bed bugs do not eat wood or upholstery, they are mainly going to stain and leave evidence of their presence which is enough for many people to get rid of the pieces that have been infested.
Bed Bug Droppings
Droppings are again going to be liquid that is brown or black and appears as stains on soft surfaces like beds and upholstery. These stains are going to be many as bed bugs tend to live in colonies of more than one. This means that there can be droppings of several bed bugs in one location. Those surfaces that are not soft or porous will hold the droppings like mounds of dirt.
Bed Bug Nests
Bed Bugs do not build nests, rather they find a cozy place within your home and nest there. Generally these bugs are going to best in places like cracks and crevices and seams of mattresses, in sheets and other bedding, in cracks and crevices of furniture, or in carpet. The main goal of a bed bug is to stay hidden until they need to feed. They are not going to be out in the open on purpose though you may find them moving about. These bugs are also not going to be very active except for when they are feeding. If you find a nest, you should hire a professional quickly to help handle your infestation and get your home back.